vaccine


vaccine
[18] Vaccine was adapted from Latin vaccīnus, which means literally ‘of a cow’ (it was a derivative of vacca ‘cow’, source of French vache). It was used by the British physician Edward Jenner at the end of the 18th century in the terms vaccine disease for ‘cowpox’, and hence vaccine inoculation for the technique he developed of preventing smallpox by injecting people with cowpox virus. The verb vaccinate was coined from it at the beginning of the 19th century, but vaccine itself was not used as a noun, meaning ‘inoculated material’, until the 1840s.
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   The original vaccine was a preparation of the virus of cowpox, inoculated in humans to produce immunity to smallpox. Hence the origin of the word in New Latin variolae vaccinus, 'cowpox,' the title of a medical treatise of 1798 by Edward Jenner, its inventor. The ultimate source is in Latin vacca, 'cow.'

The Hutchinson dictionary of word origins. 2013.

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  • vaccine — [ vaksin ] n. f. • 1749; lat. méd. variola vaccina « variole de la vache » 1 ♦ Maladie infectieuse observée chez la vache (⇒ cow pox), le cheval, due à un virus morphologiquement identique au virus de la variole humaine, et dont l inoculation… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Vaccine — Vac cine (v[a^]k s[imac]n or v[a^]k s[i^]n; 277), a. [L. vaccinus, fr. vacca a cow; cf. Skr. v[=a][,c] to bellow, to groan.] 1. Of or pertaining to cows; pertaining to, derived from, or caused by, vaccinia; as, vaccine virus; the vaccine disease …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • vacciné — vacciné, e adj. Endurci, prévenu : Moi, je suis vacciné. Vacciné avec une aiguille de phono, bavard. / Vaccinée ou vaccinée au pus de génisse, déflorée …   Dictionnaire du Français argotique et populaire

  • vacciné — vacciné, ée (va ksi né, née) part. passé de vacciner. Un enfant vacciné.    Substantivement. Les vaccinés …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • Vaccine — Vac cine (v[a^]k*s[=e]n or v[a^]k s[=e]n), n. 1. The virus of vaccinia used in vaccination. [1913 Webster] 2. any preparation used to render an organism immune to some disease, by inducing or increasing the natural immunity mechanisms. Prior to… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • vaccine — VACCINE: Ne fréquenter que des personnes vaccinées …   Dictionnaire des idées reçues

  • vaccine — (n.) matter used in vaccination, 1846, from L. vaccina, fem. of vaccinus pertaining to a cow (see VACCINATION (Cf. vaccination)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • vaccine — ► NOUN Medicine ▪ a substance used to stimulate the production of antibodies and provide immunity against one or several diseases, prepared from the causative agent of a disease or a synthetic substitute. ORIGIN Latin vaccinus, from vacca cow… …   English terms dictionary

  • vaccine — [vak sēn′, vak′sēn] n. [L vaccinus, from cows < vacca, cow; akin ? to Sans vaśā, rogue cow] 1. lymph, or a preparation of this, from a cowpox vesicle, containing the causative virus and used in vaccination against cowpox or smallpox 2. any… …   English World dictionary

  • Vaccine — For other uses, see Vaccine (disambiguation). A vaccine is a biological preparation that improves immunity to a particular disease. A vaccine typically contains an agent that resembles a disease causing microorganism, and is often made from… …   Wikipedia

  • vaccine — noun ADJECTIVE ▪ effective, safe ▪ flu, measles, rubella, etc. ▪ The polio vaccine has saved millions of lives. ▪ …   Collocations dictionary